“Success in creating effective A.I.,” said the late Stephen Hawking, “could be the biggest event in the history of our civilization. Or the worst. We just don’t know.” Are we creating the instruments of our own destruction or exciting tools for our future survival? Once we teach a machine to learn on its own – as the programmers behind AlphaGo have done, to wondrous results – where do we draw moral and computational lines? In this video from the World Science Festival, leading specialists in A.I., neuroscience, and philosophy tackle the very questions that may define the future of humanity.